The semiconductor device is made up of a material that is neither a good conductor nor a good insulator, it is called a semiconductor. Such devices have established wide applications because of their reliability, compactness, and low cost. These are discrete components that are used in power devices, compactness optical sensors, and light emitters, including solid-state lasers. They have a wide range of current and voltage handling capabilities, with current ratings more than 5,000 amperes and voltage ratings more than 100,000 volts. More importantly, semiconductor devices lend themselves to integration into complex but readily build-up microelectronic circuits. They are having probable future, the key elements of the majority of electronic systems including communications with data-processing, consumer, and industrial control equipment.